William Banting

bantingdiet, wiightloss

English undertaker and populariser of a weight loss diet


William Banting

(

c.

December 1796 – 16 March 1878)


[1]


[2]

was a notable English

undertaker

. Formerly

obese

, he is also known for being the first to popularise a weight loss diet based on limiting the intake of carbohydrates, especially those of a starchy or sugary nature.


[3]

He undertook his dietary changes at the suggestion of

Soho Square

physician Dr. William Harvey, who in turn had learnt of this type of diet, but in the context of diabetes management, from attending lectures in Paris by

Claude Bernard

.


[3]


[4]

Professional career

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]

In the early 19th century, the family business of William Banting of St. James’s Street, London, was among the most eminent companies of

funeral directors

in Britain. As

funeral directors to the Royal Household

itself, the Banting family conducted the funerals of

King George III

in 1820,

King George IV

in 1830, the

Duke of Gloucester

in 1834, the

Duke of Wellington

in 1852,

Prince Albert

in 1861,

Prince Leopold

in 1884,

Queen Victoria

in 1901, and

King Edward VII

in 1910. The royal undertaking warrant for the Banting family eventually ended in 1928 with the retirement of William Westport Banting.


[5]

Weight loss diet

[


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Letter on Corpulence, Addressed to the Public

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In 1863, Banting wrote a booklet called

Letter on Corpulence, Addressed to the Public


[6]

which contained the particular plan for the diet he followed. It was written as an

open letter

in the form of a personal testimonial. Banting accounted all of his unsuccessful fasts, diets, spa and exercise regimens in his past. His previously unsuccessful attempts had been on the advice of various medical experts. He then described the dietary change which finally had worked for him, following the advice of another medical expert. “My kind and valued medical adviser is not a doctor for obesity, but stands on the pinnacle of fame in the treatment of another malady, which, as he well knows, is frequently induced by [corpulence].” (p24) His own diet was four meals per day, consisting of meat, greens, fruits, and dry wine. The emphasis was on avoiding sugar, saccharine matter, starch, beer, milk and butter. Banting’s pamphlet was popular for years to come, and would be used as a model for modern diets.


[4]

Initially, he published the booklet at his personal expense. The self-published edition was so popular that he determined to sell it to the general public. The third and later editions were published by Harrison, London. Banting’s booklet remains in print as of 2007, and is still available on-line.

The word “banting”

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The popularity of the pamphlet mentioned above was such that the questions “Do you bant?” or “Are you banting?”, still occasionally in use today, refer to his method, and sometimes even to dieting in general.


[3]

In Sweden “banta” is still the main verb for “being on a diet”. Scientist

Tim Noakes

popularised Banting in

South Africa

when he named his low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet after Banting.


[7]

[

clarification needed



]

Legacy

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]


Gary Taubes

‘ study of carbohydrates,


Good Calories, Bad Calories


, begins with a prologue entitled “A brief history of Banting” and discusses Banting at some length.


[8]

Discussions of low-carbohydrate diets often begin with a discussion of Banting.


[9]


[10]


[11]


[12]


[13]

Personal life

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Banting was a distant relative of Sir

Frederick Banting

, the co-discoverer of

insulin

.


[8]

Banting’s body is buried with those of his wife and daughter at

Brompton Cemetery

, London, England.


[14]

See also

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References

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Further reading

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This is is a syndicated post. Read the original at en.wikipedia.org

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